10 Tips for Car Maintenance – Learn the deadlines at which the key items in your car need to be checked
Maintenance is a subject that can be annoying to most drivers. But it’s something that you can not escape so you do not risk walking when you need the car the most, which includes a trip with your family. So take a look at the top items that need to be up-to-date.
1 – Engine oil
Must be checked every week. Before using the car for the first time in a day and on a level floor, remove the dipstick and clean it to be able to properly measure the oil level. Do this using a paper or cloth. Then just enter it again. When removing it: the oil mark must be between the “Min” and “Max” marks of the dipstick.
2 – Brakes
In general, the brake fluid must be changed every two years, or as recommended by the manufacturer, since it has the property of absorbing water, which can evaporate with the heat of the brakes and form steam in the system, which greatly impairs braking . If they are below the minimum thickness, the brake linings and pads must be replaced.
3. Timing Belt
It is not worth the risk that it will rupture, which can cause serious damage to the engine, such as valve warping or piston bores. Must be replaced by a good mechanic. The terms of exchange vary according to each model of car and vary between 30 thousand and 50 thousand km.
4- Radiator Water
Just like the engine oil level, it should be seen every week. When the engine is cold and the vehicle level, the water must be between the “Min” and “Max” indicated on the tank. It is very important that the coolant has the correct proportion of additive of good quality, never just pure water.
5. Spark plugs
If they are not in good condition the consumption increases and the performance decreases. Therefore, they are essential for the proper functioning of the engine. The time between exchanges varies according to the manufacturer’s recommendation. In general, conventional models last between 20,000 and 30,000 km.
6 – Filters
In the case of air filters, it should be cleaned with compressed air every 7,000 km and replaced when damaging the flow of air into the engine. The fuel is usually changed every 10,000 km. And the oil alternately between the engine oil changes.
7. Tires and Wheels
The tires must be calibrated cold , and every 15 days before viajar.Observe TWI a triangle or letters, printed on the tire side. When the wear level reaches this point it is time to change the tires. Rotating, aligning and balancing every 10,000 km increases tire life, improving the safety and drivability of the vehicle.
Among the main components are the shock absorbers and springs. The first ones usually last around 30,000 kms, but they can not handle all this if the car always goes through irregular or very bumpy floor. Springs with untied links must already be in need of replacement. Also worth checking for gaps, cracks and breaks in joints of the arms and suspension bars.
9 Exchange oil
The vast majority of cars have magnetic carton boxes and do not want to change oil. In others, the lubricant should be checked every 30,000 kilometers. Leaks are indications that the car needs repairs. For automatic gearboxes, it is important to change the oil and filter according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Most of the batteries currently sold on the market do not require the addition of water and require little maintenance. Make sure the cables are clean and secure to the poles. If the car has been standing still for a long time, you should disconnect the negative pole cable so that it does not discharge.