The Amazon River is a river in South America that runs through Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. It is the longest and largest river in the world.
1. The Amazon River is the longest river in the world with a length of 7,020 km.
In addition, it is the largest river with 219,000 cubic meters of water/second.
2. The Amazon flowed in the opposite direction to the current one
The Amazon River flowed into the Pacific Ocean until 15 million years ago, however, the formation of the Andes mountain range caused it to remain landlocked. For five million years, freshwater lakes were formed and the river managed to find an outlet to the ocean, this time towards the Atlantic, on the opposite side.
3. It contains a 5th part of the freshwater of the entire planet, about 7.05 million square kilometers
The Amazon River, thanks to its tremendous flow of water, pours a fifth of the world’s freshwaters into the Atlantic. At its starting point, the river’s freshwater dilutes much of the ocean’s salinity, and around 2.5 kilometers a clear color differentiation can be seen.
4. It is calculated that the Amazon and its jungle contains 30% of the world’s flora and fauna.
The Amazon and the surrounding rainforest are home to more than 40,000 species of flora, 2,000 species of fish, around 400 species of mammals and amphibians, a similar number of reptiles, and 2.5 million insects.
5. The Amazon floods the jungle every year
The melting of the Andean ice is the main source of water for the Amazon; Every year, between the months of June and October, the Amazon River overflows when the ice melts, increasing water levels between 9 and 13 meters. When water floods the jungle and joins the rains, the so-called Varzeas, flooded forests, are created.
6. Receive nutrients and minerals from the Sahara
A NASA satellite managed to track how throughout the year, the wind carried desert sands that end up in both the Amazon and the neighboring jungle, providing valuable minerals and thus combining two separate ecosystems.
7. Her name comes from the Greek myth of the Amazons “female warriors”
8. The Spanish Francisco de Orellana was the one who discovered it in the 14th century and it was the Portuguese Pedro Teixeira who spread its existence
9. No bridge has been built in its entire length, although there are shallow parts that can be crossed on foot.
Unlike, for example, the Nile, the Amazon has no bridges. The only way to cross it is by boat since the banks that frame it is made up of virgin jungle and is quite impenetrable. However, a bridge was built in 2010 in one of its tributaries, the Río Negro, largely because it is located in a place, Manaus, which is highly visited.
10. There are around 3,000 known species of fish in the river.
Like the piranha or the pink dolphin. Also the Sardinian shark or black shark, the strangest animal of those that inhabit its waters.