In practice, remember that all energy fuel sources are thermal, and the conversion to electric power uses the same mechanisms and, therefore, similar efficiencies. We do not use “nuclear power ” More than we “carbon energy “.
BOTH generate thermal energy – albeit by different processes – which is used to generate steam, which is used to generate electricity through expansion turbines and generators. Gas turbines, combined cycle and internal combustion directly lead generators without steam production.
Each power generation technology has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. There are reasons to use them all. Improvements can also be made to the overall efficiency (lifecycle) of all of them, and we must be very reluctant to discard any of them altogether, or to depend on any of them excessively.
You can see from the references that you can use different definitions of “efficiency ” to promote a specific result.
Nuclear power plants generate 24/7 electricity at a capacity factor of 92%. This is more efficient than other types of energy: Combined natural gas cycle, with a capacity factor of 47,8%; Coal in 60,9%; And wind in 33,9%.
The main benefits of nuclear energy are that it is more efficient than burning fossil fuels, as the amount of energy released from uranium per gram is much more than that of fuels such as oil or coal; Approximately 8,000 times more efficient indeed